Dogs For Different Breeds Of Dogs To Walk
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A team consists of several pairs of dogs, usually from one pair to five.
Dogs are accustomed to each other before class. To do this, they: together take to walk on long leashes. If the dogs are trying to pounce on each other, then the trainer warns it with a prohibiting command "fu" and strikes with a whip. After the dogs get used to it, they are kept and taught to go in harness together.
Mated dogs are first taught to equip and to move in a pair with empty saykami.
Dogs for sledding can be trained in the winter and summer. In summer, they are trained in special carts, in winter – in sledges, sledges and on skis. The harness of the sled dog consists of a special harness with string, well fitted.
Exercises are built like this. Two well-paired dogs in special harnesses are harnessed to light sleds or in summer in a special cart. Bringing the dogs on the run-in road, teach them to move in a harness only in one direction. For this, the helper goes in front, showing the dogs meat. The trainer, being at the back of the dog, slackens them a little, and as soon as they run after the helper, says “forward”, releases the leash and runs after the sled. When the dogs catch up with the running assistant, the latter feeds them meat. Such exercises are repeated until the dogs on the team "forward"; will not pull the sled itself.
Further training complicate. The helper does not run ahead, but remains near the team and at the time of movement of the dogs gently puts a small weight on the sled. The trainer, pronouncing the command "forward", goes next to the team and, if the dogs slow down or stop, hit the whip on the sled or on the snow; before the strike, each time he says the command "forward". In the future, the movement in the harness is worked out without an assistant, only for the “forward” command.
After securing the skill for the carriage of goods in a straight line, work turns right, left and stop. It is done this way. Passing along a straight line of 200–300 meters, the trainer slows down the sled or sled, pronouncing the command “stop”. As soon as the dogs stop, he repeats the “stop” command and reinforces it with a meat dacha, then strokes them and approves with the “good” command.
This training is repeated until the dogs have developed a clear response to the commands "forward" and "stand" at short distances. After this, the distance is gradually increased to several kilometers.
In the same period, they practice the skills of changing directions left and right. Having reached a certain place where it is planned to make a turn, the trainer, holding the connecting belt, says the command to turn "right" or "left" and shows with a gesture of the hand in the right direction and, as soon as the dogs are turned, says the command "forward."
Fig. 41. Dog in harness
If the dogs do not turn, they are forced to turn in the right direction with a blow of a whip.
In the same order, train another pair of dogs to join them to the general team.
In the future, the distance and weight of the load increase. At the same time improve the response to the team turns and stops. Such exercises are repeated until the trouble-free execution of commands.
When dogs in a pair learn to carry the corresponding cargo, they are used to tow a skier. Do it like this. A trainer with a pair of dogs, dressed in harnesses and fastened together with a belt, or with one similarly equipped dog on a rolled road, gets up on skis, pronounces the command "forward" and begins to move at first. As soon as the dogs pick up speed and the leash is tightened, the trainer imperceptibly forces them to tow themselves. When the dogs stop pulling the leash, stop, the trainer command "forward" to force them to move. When towing a skier, both dogs run parallel to each other.
To stop the skier pulls the reason and gives the command "stand". As soon as the dogs stop, encourages them to dainty.
In the future, the skill of towing is improved: in the movement they make turns and stops, increase distances and change the terrain, move from the road to the crust and loose snow.
It is necessary to take into account that when moving along a thin wall, dogs can fall and injure limbs. In these cases, the paws of dogs wear special stockings.
Having fixed the skills of dogs to perform stop and turn commands, they begin to increase the speed of movement.
Training is considered complete after the skill has been reliably fixed.
A man has long used guard dogs to guard their homes.
Guard dog can not be identified with the guard. The guard dog is kept on a leash or in a free state; it notifies its owner of the danger by loud barking. The guard dog is always with the person and warns him not by barking, but by increasing alertness or gusts in the direction of danger. Do guard dogs specifically develop a loud barking, while the guard dogs muffle it.
For guard duty, physically resilient, comparatively large and vicious dogs are selected. The best for this type of service are our domestic breeds: Caucasian, Central Asian and South Russian Shepherd Dogs.
At the site of training dogs, guard dogs arrange a block installation, the length of which, depending on the area, may be 60–80 meters along the front. At a depth of 70–80 centimeters, two pillars with heights of up to two meters are dug into the ground. The pillars are reinforced with metal braces from the outside. Between the pillars at a height of 180 centimeters from the ground they pull a metal cable or a strong wire with a diameter of 0.5 cm. A special block is mounted on the cable, which can be freely moved along the entire length of the cable.
The block serves as a tethering point for the dog. If there is no special block, then tightly welded 2–3 rings are put on the cable to tie the dogs. At a distance of three meters from each pillar to the cable fasteners are attached, which restrain the dog from a possible strike on the pole during strong run-ups.
Do guard dogs develop the following skills:
– security on the block;
– security on a deaf leash;
The technique of training dogs guard dogs is fundamentally different from the techniques of training dogs guard duty. In guard dogs, the skill to bark at any sound and visual irritations should be completely muffled, and a strong conditioned reflex of prolonged alertness and silent warning of danger should be developed.
Such a dog is very useful to have guards when guarding livestock at night and protecting water bodies with a waterfowl. Such dogs can be successfully used to search the area and premises.
In no case can guard dogs be used to train the guard service, which bark when any irritants appear.
In the process of training in guard dogs, the following skills are developed:
– guarding on the spot;
– watchdog in motion;
Sometimes they are compared to hunting dogs with hunting dogs and claim that the latter work better, that they sense a beast or a bird at a distance, whereas a search dog gets off even from the direction given to it. But is it possible only on this basis to speak exhaustively about the advantages of smelling in hunting dogs over searching ones? The severity of smell in wild animals is of utmost importance in the struggle for existence: the more perfect the olfactory organs are, the more chances there are to find food and protect themselves from a stronger predator. This innate instinct has been preserved in hunting dogs to this day. And it is not by chance that the same requirements as several centuries ago were made to hunting breeds of dogs.
Search dogs also use the smell to the fullest to search for the smell of a stranger, and they are guided by an artificially created stimulus, and it is clear that such a mover cannot be as stable as the instinct in hunting dogs.
Hunting dogs have a keen sense of smell, but they are also primitive: they do not need to differentiate complex smells, while search dogs must understand very complex components of smells.
In fact, do we need a hunting dog to understand the smells of hares, foxes and foxes? Obviously not. And the hunter does not compel her to such differentiation.
It is a completely different thing when a search dog is looking for a man on the trail. In this case, it is required to clearly distinguish between smells. She should not find a person at all, but a specific person.
Working a dog on the trail of a stranger is an extremely difficult task. The dog must be able to choose the right scent among many others on the way. It must however be borne in mind that the sense of smell of the same dog is not always the same. If she could easily distinguish this or that smell today, then it might be difficult for her tomorrow.
It is always necessary to take into account environmental conditions that may make the search impossible. In addition, the condition of the dog’s body can affect its ability and sharpness of instinct.
Therefore, the task of training is to develop in the search dog a constant desire to search and the ability to finely differentiate odors.
The technique of the development of intuition in a dog is aimed at using its natural ability to search by the smell left by man or animal on the soil or on objects. For the successful conduct of classes on the development of appropriate skills in the work on the instinct, it is necessary to create such an environment that would force the dog to use his finely developed sense of smell in the interests of the person.
If the trainer is able to provide such an environment, create incentives that will certainly cause the dog to have a natural need to search, then we can assume that half of the work is secured.
Do the search dogs for the period of training to develop the following skills:
– a sample of foreign objects;
– elaboration of another trace;
– sample of a person directly from the track;
– sample of a person by the smell of a thing;
– search area and premises.
Trained dogs provide significant assistance to shepherds (shepherds) in grazing and livestock conservation. Head of the Service Dogs Laboratory of the Kazakh Institute of Livestock Comrade. Krzhipov says: “Oddly enough, in Kazakhstan, dogs in sheep breeding are used extremely irrationally. In the shepherd brigade there are only 3-4 dogs, and in fact they only protect the herds from plundering at night. It is necessary to give the shepherd trained dogs so that they not only guard the flocks, but also assistants in grazing. Practice shows that with the help of two trained dogs, one shepherd can feed 1000–1500 sheep ”.
For training on the shepherd’s service select the most hardy and mobile dogs from various breeds. Preference is given to dogs raised in sheep. Training is carried out in such a sequence. Initially, dogs fully develop skills from the general training course: a trouble-free approach to the trainer to summon, a quick (immediate) execution of the prohibiting command "fu", walking in a muzzle, etc.
Preliminary training is intended to develop in dogs the appropriate discipline, fail-safe fulfillment of the shepherd’s requirements. It is carried out according to the method described in the course of general training.
Schooling dogs to the herd. Adult dogs raised outside the herd are trained to it before special training. This period of training is the most responsible. If the trainer manages to get the dogs together with animals, then the task of training is half solved.
During training to the herd, the dog is kept on a long leash, and especially excitable and angry – in tight collars and muzzle. It is important to wean the dogs for no reason to pounce on animals. It happens that animals (cow or horse) attack a dog in a herd. In such cases, the shepherd protects the dog, driving the animals away by shouting or wagging the whip. Under any circumstances, for each attempt to bite an animal, a dog is severely punished with a strong jerk for a leash or blow of a whip.
In the first days, the dog is led around the herd on a leash, and then tied not far from the animals for a length of the leash and from the side they observe the behavior of her and the animals.
As the animal mates with the dog, the dog is pulled off the leash, but the trainer must always monitor its actions at close range.