How To Choose A Riding Harness For A Dog
Relatively recently, the owners used mainly collars for their walks with their pets, but today harnesses are becoming more and more popular. This product consists of belts that are mounted on the body of the dog, and not on its neck. Experts say that such ammunition is a more correct choice.
The main advantage of the strap is that during a sharp jerk, the neck of the animal is not compressed and is not injured. The dog does not wheeze, does not cough. In addition, this option is indispensable in a situation if the pet was injured in the spine.
Another plus is that dogs with a harness feel much looser and more relaxed while walking. True, they often behave worse than those individuals wearing collars.
Types of shlek
Thinking how to choose a harness for a dog, you need to know that there are several types of similar ammunition:
- Casual , used for daily walks. Made from durable durable materials, most often leather or nylon. The design of such a product may be different, but usually it is a classic version. You can buy a good model on pet-shop-store.com.
- For puppies. Canine experts do not advise to put on harnesses for babies, it is advisable to teach them to wear the product after reaching half a year. The reason is that the puppy body is not yet formed. The model must fit the figure.
- For miniature dogs. Most often harness used for this category. If you intend to lift the pet by the belts, it is better to choose a model with handles on the back.
- For large individuals. Until recently, it was believed that such animals should walk only with a collar. Today, products are developed that do not allow a pet to pull the leash, so the walk becomes comfortable.
- Exhibition. In fact, they are decorative, made of thin round belts, have expensive fittings and decorations.
- For sled dogs. They are characterized by a special design, usually nylon or canvas are used for the manufacture of products.
- Freight. Used for training pets.
- Harness-vest. Most often such models are miniature dogs or smooth-haired breeds. Need for warming the animal for a walk.
- Medical. Used for walking injured dogs.
How to choose the harness
When selecting a product you need to follow a few rules:
- The material from which it is made should be soft, but at the same time durable.
- It is better to choose a model that has several fasteners. While dressing the pet should not feel discomfort.
- The harness should fit snugly, but not squeeze the pet’s body. To check whether the size is chosen correctly, one should push the palm between the dog’s body and the ammunition, it must be passed freely.
Before buying, you need to remove measurements from your pet. Need to know:
- distance from the base of the withers to the tail;
- neck volume;
- chest volume, measured behind the front paws. To the value obtained, you need to add two centimeters for free fitting.
When choosing a model, you must take into account the temperament and breed of the pet.
How to wear a harness
The method of donning depends on the specific model. To wear a classic product, you need to stand behind a standing or sitting dog. The harness is put on the head of the animal, while the buckle must be undone. The vertical belt is located on the chest.
Then one paw is pushed into the corresponding hole. Buckle strap should be skipped under the second paw, and then fasten both straps. You need to make sure that the harness does not unfasten, the ring is on the back of the animal. After that, you can wear a leash and go for a walk.
Zoved , 2 years, 6 months ago
If before the most familiar device for dogs was considered, then recently dog breeders have increasingly begun to acquire harness. Dog handlers and veterinarians also believe that this is a more correct choice. This is a design of belts, which is mounted not on the neck, but on the front of the body of the animal. During sudden jerks, the pressure on the collar increases, which can even lead to neck injuries. A harness significantly reduces pain and allows the dog to feel freer. It is also indispensable if the animal was injured in the area of the vertebra and support of the back is necessary.
How to choose a harness for the dog?
In order to choose this device correctly, it is necessary, first of all, to measure the circumference of your dog’s chest. The length of the belts on the harness is easily adjustable, which allows you to adjust it to a specific animal shape. How to properly wear a harness for dogs? It should not fit tightly. But also it is not necessary, that belts strongly pressed on a body. It is necessary that the belts are fitted so that your palm can pass between them and the body of the dog.
Types of shlek for dogs
Harnesses are divided by the material from which they are made and depending on the application. The most popular materials are nylon, genuine leather or leather substitutes. Scope of shleek: usual, guard, driving, coupling and special. Many of you could see dog sleds, which have long been used towing shleyi. Guard shlyi used in service dog breeding and training. This is a good alternative to the collar, which, when jerking, crashes into the neck. It differs from the towing stitches by the location of the belt on the chest. In this embodiment, it passes between the front legs of the animal. When you buy a harness, you need to carefully check the rings and their attachment points. It is better to consult with an experienced veterinarian before purchasing.
Professional dog harness
Professional harness for dogs are made of durable and wear-resistant material. High-quality ammunition is intended for professional training of animals, and it is better to buy it from reputable manufacturers. Such shleyi have an ergonomic shape, on the back is set a handle for gripping, traction rings, reflective elements and other devices.
Corrective harness for dogs
If your pet is constantly tearing off the leash, then such a harness will be salvation for its owner. Its very easy to wear and use. The dog quickly gets used to it, realizing how comfortable it is. It does not interfere with the animal to breathe. This design is a leash that is associated with a belt. It passes through the chest and stops the animal when it tries to pull sharply, forcing it to quietly move next to its owner.
Harnesses for small dogs
Such a device is a necessity rather than a beautiful accessory. Although they are now made miniature and thin, sometimes decorated with rhinestones. Without squeezing the weak and fragile neck, they allow your kids to feel comfortable walking. In the classic version, it is a design of two belts encircling the dog through the sternum along the body. It is better to choose from a soft material: suede, velor, cotton, soft leather. They are easy to clean and durable.
Harness for large breed dogs
Strong enough animals. You need to carefully inspect the harness when buying. On defective products various defects are possible. Rings should only be cast. Detachable fit for decorative breeds, and large animals in one motion expand the split ring. There are models with two rings, especially for large dogs. If you think that your pet needs additional load, then there are options for harnesses with special compartments. You can adjust the weight of such a load. The straps must be very strong and thick; the material used for decorative dog breeds will not work here. Spikes or shiny rivets are set as decorations. They look especially beautiful on smooth-haired dogs.
The most common in Russia are the classic X-link harnesses. They are called so, because on the back belts form a cross, similar to the letter X. Most models of domestic and foreign manufacturers make such models. They have proven themselves on dogs and have passed a considerable test of time and kilometers. Usually used in teaming, skijoring. Less often in other disciplines, because in the case of cancross and especially bikejoring, the poppies go up, raising the dog’s butt. This model is aimed at dogs with standard proportions closer to the square, such as the classic Huskies and Malamutes. Also ideal for shepherd dogs and retrievers. The X-design harness, unlike the H-shaped one, is less demanding to fit to the dog, you can choose a harness from a set of standard sizes.
As the name implies, the pattern of the belts on the back resembles the letter H in such shlek. They were widely used on expeditions, because they keep the dogs longer (especially if they drag heavily loaded sleds), distributing the load well across the chest and shoulders. The principle of H-design, by the way, is also used in cargo harness: a long harness with a spacer at the end removes the load from the back of the dog, transferring it to the broad muscles of the chest and shoulders.
The harnesses of this type are designed specifically for such breeds as Alaskans, Norwegians, Chicken, and other wide-breasted riding bridles and a protruding forbrustum (keel). Recently, they began to gain popularity in northern dogs, because they are very comfortable and perfectly distribute the load. Often they are made hybrid by adding a top jumper as in an X or H design. But for the cops and other wide-chested dogs, this jumper is simply not needed, since it does not carry any functional load. For northern sleds, the jumper is often left, although in principle it is needed only for narrow-chested dogs with flat sides. In general, the resulting harness is comfortable, concise, lightweight and durable; it is used by most of the leading riders in Russia and abroad.
Cargo harness is a long harness with a strut, which removes the load from the back of the dog, transferring it to the broad muscles of the chest and shoulders. The harness evenly distributes the load on the body of the dog in motion, does not interfere with proper breathing during the run. Designed for towing cargo and weytpullingom. It can be used for the development of the chest and the formation of relief muscles.
What should be the right harness
The material from which the harness is made should not be too soft. Otherwise, after some time from the tension, the belts will curl up into a tube and start cutting into the dog’s skin and rubbing it. Sling and belts should be wide, tight and tough enough. Only under this condition will they keep their shape well, and, consequently, the harness will sit well and will serve you for years.
If you are worried that the hard belts will spoil your dog’s magnificent coat, then choose soft-padded straps. Lining is usually done on the neck and chest parts of the strap to reduce friction in these “critical” places, but sometimes the entire inner surface of the strap is trimmed for maximum comfort. Usually the lining is made of fleece or other soft and durable material, but sometimes it is even made of fur.
All the seams and fittings on the harness should be of the highest quality, because the bad threads have the unpleasant property – to tear at the most inappropriate moment. As a result, you will get a persuasive, or even injured dog.
Most importantly, pressure on the throat and neck is unacceptable. Practically all the harnesses have a detail that clasps the neck (the so-called "collar"), and it is important to check whether it does not press down on the dog’s neck when pulling the tension. In the harness of any "style" of such pressure should not be perfect! When fitting, you should safely push 2 fingers between the harness and neck of the dog.
The harness should not be too big! Talking too little about it does not make sense, because you are unlikely to wear one on your dog. A big harness will hang out on a dog, move out, rub and can cause injuries. This also applies to the size of the individual parts of the strap. For example, a too spacious “collar” will slide down, will press down on the shoulder joints and block the movement of the front paws.
The harness should not be too short. Short – to the middle of the back – designs of shlek are categorically not suitable for sports and riding work. In such a harness, the main burden falls on the back and spine of the dog, which inevitably leads to injury. Sling strap should be the length of the base of the tail or a little more. Cargo harness – behind the hind legs, so as not to interfere with the normal step. The exception is special stitches for bullets, which are often shortened. They are attached to the arc of the bullet for the side straps, not the back, and thereby eliminate pressure on the back.
A good, suitable for your dog harness should be symmetrical, ideally fit the body (and not wool!), Sit tight without folds and wrinkles. To do this, ideally, it should be sewn according to individual measurements. But, due to breed standards, dogs have a similar anatomical structure and size, therefore, many manufacturers successfully find an individual approach to each dog with the help of a small gradation of sizes and a long size range. Each manufacturer has its own tables of the necessary measurements of the dog for the selection of shlek, but mostly it is the neck straps, chest in the widest place and the length of the back from withers to tail.
Braid for dogs with their own hands
If you decide not to buy a harness for a dog, but to do it yourself, before you are detailed instructions on how to do it.
At first we will make a reservation that there are different Harness. There is a cargo harness (intended for carrying a dog cargo), a riding harness (when the attached object is above the dog, for example a person on skis) and a walking harness, the most popular type. Options for each of these types of set. The design of the shlek depends, among other things, on the size of the dog. Here we will show how one of the walking strap options for a large and medium dog is sewn.
You will need:
Nylon sling width 15-30 mm (depending on the size of the dog).
Lining fabric (felt, thin felt, fleece, flannel).
Steel rings (only solid) 4 pcs.
Durable nylon thread
Backpack accessories: buckle-lock 1 pc. and three-slot buckle 2 pcs.
The cost of all components – no more than 300 p.
Of the features of this option.
Kapron sling withstands jerk up to 150 kg. Precisely in order not to weaken the structure, solid steel rings are recommended: the rings with a cut will simply open. The diameter of the rings should be such that three loops of the slings are freely located inside.
Buckle-lock in this design is not loaded. It serves only to fix the harness on the dog. The load falls on the rings, in which the carbine of the leash is pulled.
1. First, take a measurement from the dog.
We are interested in four sizes:
And – coverage of the chest, which is measured immediately behind the elbows of the dog. The top point is at the withers.
B – coverage of the chest, which is measured by the protruding point of the chest bone (the so-called "keel", above – already the neck). The top point is at the withers.
B – the chest distance between the lower points of the first two measurements.
G – size from the middle of one shoulder to the middle of the other. The top point is at the withers.
If you doubt the accuracy of the measurements – not scary. The design of our harness involves adjusting the two most important sizes.
2. We cut a kapron to a sling.
In our harness 5 parts of the kapron lines (see diagram).
The first (A – D): size A minus size D plus a margin for the adjusting buckle (approx. 10 cm) plus 2 hems (1.5 cm + width of the sling) for the buckle and ring.
The second (GD): size B minus size D plus the same as in the first part.
Third (B): size B plus 2 hem on hinges for threading other parts. Each hem is double the width of the sling plus 1 cm.
Fourth and fifth (G / 2): the same. Dimension G plus podgina on the buckle-lock (1.5 cm plus the width of the sling) plus bend on the ring (1.5 cm plus the width of the sling) plus 3 cm.
It is most convenient to cut off a sling not with scissors, but with a hot object – a heated knife, a soldering iron, a children’s wood burner. In this case, the edge is no longer necessary to process.
3. We cut a pad.
There are three lining details in our harness. They are laid on the first, second and third kapron parts. If desired, you can lining the two remaining parts.
Details of the double width of the sling are cut out of the lining fabric; they are folded to the middle and ironed out. To cut these parts can be in the form of an oblique bei, and you can along the thread.
We deliberately do not give the lengths of these parts. You can cut them out along the length of the kapron ones, and then you have to cut them in place.
4. We collect.
We start with the part (B). We combine the pad and the kapron line and stitch along the edge. While we sew only the middle of the parts, so that the ends of the line can be folded without lining. We fold the sling from the ends, forming loops for threading the other two parts. On top of the folded lines, straighten the pad, cut off the excess, bend the edge 1 cm and stitch everything together with a square cross to cross.
Why is it that way? Because the essence of the lining is that the sling does not wipe the dog’s hair, and its curved edges do not scratch or rub the skin. Therefore, the entire lining will be sewn over the hem. In doing so, we try to avoid unnecessary duplicate seams so that the thicker parts are softer.
Details (A – D) and (B – D) are assembled in the same way. First, in the same way, we attach the pad in the middle part of the parts. On the one hand (where there will be a ring), we leave a place for bending. On the other hand (where there will be a three-slot buckle), we leave a margin for the regulating buckle plus a hem, we cut off the excess lining, bend it 1 cm and fix it. At this point, the lining will not be the end of the line.
Then we bend the line around the three-slot buckle and sew a cross over the square with a square. We pass the ring and skip the sling into the buckle (see diagram). Rings are one-piece, so you need to do it right away.
We put on the part (B) and proceed to the processing of the second end of the part. We bend the sling around the ring and fasten the pad to cross the cross to the bend with a square.
As a result of these operations, we got the middle part of the strap with two rings at the edges.
5. Assembly – adjustment.
In the process of manufacturing the braid, it can be adjusted to the required dimensions with the help of parts (G / 2). First you need to make them. They are made equally. A ring is sewn from one end of the part (do you remember that we do not use a lining on these parts?). At the other end is a part of the buckle. Before stitching a lock, check whether it passes into the ring! If not, then before sewing it, each of the parts (G / 2) must be threaded into the ring of the assembled middle part of the strap. Threading should be done in such a way that the buckle is on the inside (where the lining is) and the ring on the outside.
Now with the help of a three-slot buckle, adjust the lengths of the parts (A – D) and (B – D). The length of the line from the ring to the ring should be exactly these sizes.
Then you can do the first fitting. The harness is worn as a bra – front. Push the dog’s paws into a harness, button the lock on the withers. For two loose rings, pull up the harness so that it is tight, but not squeezing, lay on the body of the dog. It is at this level that you will need to flash the details (G / 2) around the rings into which they have been passed. Sew the same cross with a square cross.
Everything, the harness is ready.
The copy presented in photos is executed so: a sling of 30 mm, a lining – a flannel, rings integral. Size under the elbows up to 70 cm in girth. From the “keel” (upper edge of the sternum) to the elbows – 22 cm.
As an alternative element of ammunition for walking and training has a large number of fans among dog owners. Its value is explained by the creation of the most comfortable conditions for animals, allowing them to properly distribute the load on the skeleton and avoid possible injuries.
To get the perfect result, It is important to choose the correct size .
Too tight or, conversely, too free, it not only does not help your four-legged friend to train, but also harms.
How to measure a dog when choosing Harness?
The basic principle of the harness – tight fit of the dog’s body and proper load distribution . Belts should not move, sag or, on the contrary, severely bump into the skin. That is why it is so important to accurately determine the size of the stitches.
How to measure a dog for the selection of specialized shleek?
The straps for the weight pulling or extra belts, which undoubtedly also need to be fitted perfectly. It is necessary to measure:
Knowing how to measure a dog for harness, you can easily shop online. After conducting the necessary measurements, choose the model that best suits your pet. However, we understand that sometimes it is not enough to determine the size of the stubs of the two parameters. Individual features of the hull structure can make their own adjustments If the purchase does not suit your pet, you can return it or change it to a more convenient model.
- The belt should not crawl around the dog’s neck.
- Between the neck strap and the skin should be two fingers.
- The back straps should be slightly apart from the dog’s front paws so as not to rub the skin when moving.
- Pull on the leash – while the front strap should not crawl onto the trachea!
And only after you make sure that the harness fits perfectly, you can start training and active walks. We wish your four-legged friend good health and success!
In order to properly walk their four-legged friend, you need a leash and collar or harness for dogs. Only in this case, the breeder will act according to the rules, because walking with a dog without a leash is prohibited.
The leash can be attached either to the collar or to the harness. The latter option is considered for certain cases the most appropriate. For example, there are rocks with which the collar is contraindicated, as it creates a strong pressure on the neck and spine. This applies to dachshunds and many other small breeds. Harnesses for large dogs are also provided.
This device is very convenient and has a lot of advantages that the collar cannot boast. The only minus that can be noted in the harness is the process of putting it on, which can cause difficulties the first time.
The advantages of the strap are indisputable, such a design makes it possible to accustom to quiet walks without the risk of hurting her back. If a puppy has a very wild character, and it is walking with a collar, sudden movements of the owner when the animal laps forward can lead to injuries. Thanks to the harness man does not need to perform many actions to control the dog. The absence of discomfort for the animal makes the attitude more trustworthy, which contributes to learning. Thus, even a simple harness can positively affect the dog’s training.
How to choose a harness?
It is advisable to first take the measurements from the animal, and even better – take it with you to immediately try on a new thing. Most are allowed to try on, so this should be no problem.
If you don’t take a dog with you, you need to measure the animal from the withers to the start of the tail. In addition, you will need the size of the chest and neck girth. To the last two indicators you need to immediately add a few centimeters. For large dogs it is better to add two centimeters, and for small dogs it will be enough ten millimeters.
These rules are suitable for the choice of a regular walking harness. If we are talking about the riding variant, then such important factors as the distance from the chest bone to the withers, the size of the sternum and the back of the animal are important. It is very important that the harness does not crush the dog. After it is worn and fully buttoned, a human palm should be placed between the straps and the dog’s body.
This criterion is especially important in the case of harness of large breeds. In this case, you need a special strength. It is best to choose a harness from synthetic fabrics. They are distinguished by their resistance to dirt and difficult weather conditions, as they do not get wet and are easily erased. Moreover, plastic harnesses are very strong and durable.
If the price is the main factor when choosing, it is worth choosing a tarpaulin. It is very durable, but it becomes very dirty and dries long after washing. Similar qualities are found in leather harnesses. Such options have another significant disadvantage, namely the high cost. Leather products look expensive and beautiful, but to a certain point. The fact is that after getting wet, the skin can dry out and crack, so the harness will become very unpleasant in appearance.
Variety Dog Slaves
These devices are slightly different, depending on what purpose they will be used. The easiest are walking harness. They are different in strength and size, depending on what dogs are intended: large, medium or small. They are united by one thing, namely the absence of unnecessary parts and fastenings located on the withers of the animal.
Dog harnesses are used to help the animal strengthen its muscles. Their use may be useful for those animals that are undergoing rehabilitation after injury. During use of the structure with the load, its weight can be adjusted.
Special dogs are made for service dogs. For example, the guard versions are very durable and consist of several layers of leather and tarpaulin. The modification may vary somewhat, but the main thing that distinguishes the guard sling is that the dog is not able to jump out of the straps. Such options are required to withstand the strongest loads, so here they use the highest quality seams and rings for fastening. The harness should be ideally matched for each dog, so as not to hamper its movement and not give the opportunity to turn out of the belts.
For investigative work, lighter harnesses are used than for army dogs. There is no strict need to keep the animal on a leash, as the dog follows the trail, and the rest does not interest him anymore.
Another option for harness for service dogs is the design for guides. In this case, in addition to the basic mounts and belts, there is a handle, which holds the man.
Guide dogs do not need a very strong harness, as they are very calm and do not show aggression.
How to wear a harness?
Experienced breeders claim that it is impossible to constantly walk a dog in a harness. Periodically, it should be replaced by a regular collar. In fact, there is no evidence for this statement, but the negative impact of a single belt attached to the neck of an animal is obvious. Veterinarians know many cases when a dog has problems with its neck and spine.
The harnesses are much more comfortable and safe, but wearing them can be difficult. In the future, to have no problems with how to put a harness on the dog, you need to teach a puppy from an early age.
First you need to fix the body of the animal between the legs. After that, you can insert the dog’s paws into the holes intended for it. To begin with, one side is worn, after which the jumper is straightened on the chest, and then the straps on the second leg are fastened.
It is very important to check that all belts are laid correctly, without distortions. . It is necessary to fasten the harness so that it does not choke the animal, but does not dangle either. After a thorough check of all mechanisms, you can fasten the leash and go for a walk.
How to make a walking harness with your own hands?
Considering the fact that the cost of such structures is quite high, quite a few breeders make their own harnesses. It is quite real and not very difficult. However, with regard to riding a dog harness for dogs with their own hands, the pattern is quite difficult to do, because you need to take into account many factors. Therefore, in this case it will be better to turn to specialists, otherwise you can just harm the animal.
First you need to decide on the basic material. It can be either nylon or leather. Often used and canvas tapes. In addition, you will have to spend money on the braid and fastening rings.
The dog must be measured along the chest and from the withers to the tail. Further, for tailoring Harness for dogs with their own hands, a pattern is made. Based on these figures, a pattern is built, but always with seam allowances, which should be about two centimeters when working with synthetic fabrics and five millimeters for the skin. After everything is cut and stitched, the product is processed with a braid to give it a pleasant appearance. In the back area is necessary to secure the ring.
On your own, you can make a harness for small dogs and medium breeds. If we are talking about large dogs, then it is better to opt for the purchase version, since the harness made by professionals will be much stronger, and in this case, this is the most important criterion.
Some domestic masters even make harnesses for medium-sized dogs with weighting. However, with this accessory, you must be very careful that its use does not harm the animal. Weighting is acceptable to apply exclusively for large and some types of medium dogs. They are mainly useful for pit bull terriers, Staffordshire terriers, sheep-dogs and rottweilers. In general, the additional load should be used only in relation to those animals for whom it is necessary and recommended.
Making loads is not difficult. To do this, it is enough to attach several compact bags filled with metal balls to the harness. These accessories allow the dog to quickly gain muscle mass and adjust body deflections. However, it is not allowed to use shleek with weights for dogs that have not yet turned a year, as their skeleton is still being formed, and an excessive load can harm this process.
How to choose a harness for the dog was last modified: May 27th, 2016 by Maxim Bartsev