How To Make Dog Sledding Scheme
Instead of a head pair, you can also harness one dog as a leader.
At the beginning of the training of dogs, one pair should be harnessed, then two pairs, and so on. In the course of the training, one or two dogs must be identified to work as leaders.
Considering that when towing a skier, the team consists of just one dog (maximum of two), training skills for all teams is mandatory. Therefore, a dog towing a skier can be used as a sled leader.
Classes for dog training in harness is best done together; This is especially necessary when the team consists of two or more pairs of dogs.
Before harnessing the dogs, a sling belt is attached to the sledges, to which iron rings with a diameter of 3-4 cm are attached at a distance of 80-90 cm from each other. The number of rings depends on how many pairs of dogs will be in harness. The sling is attached to the sleds so that the first ring is 10-15 cm away from them. For each ring, there are two harness straps attached to the harnesses put on the dogs (fig. 44).
In order for dogs not to disperse when working, it is recommended that their collars be joined at the beginning of the training with a small strap 20-25 cm long. , but also prevent them from changing places when necessary, running across from one side to the other.
When a pair of trained dogs is harnessed, the helper puts them in the correct position to start the race, and the trainer is placed on the sleds. So that at the right moment he could quickly get off the sled, it is best to get up in the sleds on his knees or on one left knee, and put his right foot on the sledding ski.
At the command of the trainer "Forward" the assistant releases the dogs. If they are unfriendly, the trainer repeats the command in threatening intonation, reinforcing it with the blow of a whip. Good dog work is encouraged by the exclamation "Good" along with the repeated command "Forward".
To facilitate the work of dogs, the first classes should be carried out on a smooth, well-groomed road.
When the dogs run about 300 m, the trainer stops them with the “Stop” command and simultaneously slows down the sleds, inserting an island  between the front trench and the ski. Then he quickly runs up to the dogs and, after turning the team, after a short rest, forces the dogs to repeat the run, but in the opposite direction.
For practicing turns, the trainer gives the command “Right” or “Left”, simultaneously slowing the sleds with an ostol, and the assistant runs up to the leader (or the head pair of dogs) from the side where the turn is made, takes him by the collar and, repeating the command, sends the team the right side.
As soon as the turn is made, the trainer encourages the dogs with the exclamation “Good” and again gives the command “Forward”, and the helper sits down on the sledges on the move.
If one of the dogs does not carry out the commands, badly pulls or enters into a fight, a painful stimulus, a whip, is used as a compulsion, and the corresponding command must precede the coercion. The force of the blow with a whip should be measured in accordance with the individual characteristics of the dog.
In subsequent classes, the distance must be increased and new pairs are added to the team. If there are more than four dogs in a harness, then before harnessing them, you should tie the sleds at the rear end to a tree or some object. The helper at this time pulls the tension and holds it by the front end, and the trainer harnesses the dogs. The last one is harnessed to a leader or a head pair.
The distance should be increased gradually, taking into account the physical condition of the dogs. This develops their stamina and ability for long runs.
During long-distance runs, dogs are straightened out of a harness only for overnight stays; during short stops, they remain in harness, with sleds, which are attached to the back end of an object; elongated pryazh fastened the same way.
Sled dogs are fed once a day, 1.5-2 hours after the end of the run. The best food is raw meat (1-1.5 kg per dog), it is good to add bread to the feed. Thirst for dogs quench snow. On halts, they can be given a moderate feeding, – this will develop an interest in working with dogs.
Every year amateur dog breeders, members of DOSAAF service dog breeding clubs, are showing increasing interest in the dog riding service. They teach their pets to tow a skier and, along with this, they prepare dog sleds for many kilometers.
The team is usually completed from four to five dogs, harnessed to lightweight sports sleds, on which two people with a small load can be accommodated. Narts are not difficult to do yourself.
The basis of the sled can serve as a sports ski. Their front ends are steamed in boiling water, bent slightly more than usual, tied and left to dry.
In each ski, three square slots for poles (hoops) are hollowed out from the top side. The depth of the nest should be calculated so that the ski does not penetrate through.
One sled requires six hoofs — quadrilateral bars 33 cm long. At the bottom they have spikes that are inserted into the slots of the skis; In the middle, on the inner side there are slots for crossbars connecting the skis; cuts are made at the top outside, on which the longitudinal bars are fastened, fastening the hoofs on each ski.
The crossbeams 50 cm long connecting skis serve as the basis for the planks imposed on them; On these boards people are placed and the load is laid (the thickness of the boards is about 1 cm).
Three wooden arches (rams) are attached to the sledges. The longitudinal ram is attached to the front kopyla, the rear ram – to the longitudinal bars (behind) – it is their continuation; The front ram is used for tying down a snare, it is attached between the front ends of the skis and the front hoofs.
All parts of the sleds are interconnected with rawhide belts that hold them tightly and at the same time soften shocks and jerks.
Sled assembly procedure: 1) insert hoops and associate them with skis; 2) insert the crossbar in the nests of the hoofs and link them; 3) to impose on the crossbar boards and tie them; 4) attach the longitudinal ram to the front hoofs; 5) impose longitudinal bars on the hoofs and tie them; 6) tie the rear ram with the longitudinal bars; 7) attach the front ram to the front hoofs and front ends of the skis; 8) to fasten with a rag belt with the boards longitudinal bars and a rear ram.