Teaching A Dog To Move In Harness
(main team "forward")
A team consists of several pairs of dogs, usually from one pair to five.
Dogs are accustomed to each other before class. To do this, they: together take to walk on long leashes. If the dogs are trying to pounce on each other, then the trainer warns it with a prohibiting command "fu" and strikes with a whip. After the dogs get used to it, they are kept and taught to go in harness together.
Mated dogs are first taught to equip and to move in a pair with empty saykami.
Dogs for sledding can be trained in the winter and summer. In summer, they are trained in special carts, in winter – in sledges, sledges and on skis. The harness of the sled dog consists of a special harness with string, well fitted.
Exercises are built like this. Two well-paired dogs in special harnesses are harnessed to light sleds or in summer in a special cart. Bringing the dogs on the run-in road, teach them to move in a harness only in one direction. For this, the helper goes in front, showing the dogs meat. The trainer, being at the back of the dog, slackens them a little, and as soon as they run after the helper, says “forward”, releases the leash and runs after the sled. When the dogs catch up with the running assistant, the latter feeds them meat. Such exercises are repeated until the dogs on the team "forward"; will not pull the sled itself.
Further training complicate. The helper does not run ahead, but remains near the team and at the time of movement of the dogs gently puts a small weight on the sled. The trainer, pronouncing the command "forward", goes next to the team and, if the dogs slow down or stop, hit the whip on the sled or on the snow; before the strike, each time he says the command "forward". In the future, the movement in the harness is worked out without an assistant, only for the “forward” command.
After securing the skill for the carriage of goods in a straight line, work turns right, left and stop. It is done this way. Passing along a straight line of 200–300 meters, the trainer slows down the sled or sled, pronouncing the command “stop”. As soon as the dogs stop, he repeats the “stop” command and reinforces it with a meat dacha, then strokes them and approves with the “good” command.
This training is repeated until the dogs have developed a clear response to the commands "forward" and "stand" at short distances. After this, the distance is gradually increased to several kilometers.
In the same period, they practice the skills of changing directions left and right. Having reached a certain place where it is planned to make a turn, the trainer, holding the connecting belt, says the command to turn "right" or "left" and shows with a gesture of the hand in the right direction and, as soon as the dogs are turned, says the command "forward."
Fig. 41. Dog in harness
If the dogs do not turn, they are forced to turn in the right direction with a blow of a whip.
In the same order, train another pair of dogs to join them to the general team.
In the future, the distance and weight of the load increase. At the same time improve the response to the team turns and stops. Such exercises are repeated until the trouble-free execution of commands.
When dogs in a pair learn to carry the corresponding cargo, they are used to tow a skier. Do it like this. A trainer with a pair of dogs, dressed in harnesses and fastened together with a belt, or with one similarly equipped dog on a rolled road, gets up on skis, pronounces the command "forward" and begins to move at first. As soon as the dogs pick up speed and the leash is tightened, the trainer imperceptibly forces them to tow themselves. When the dogs stop pulling the leash, stop, the trainer command "forward" to force them to move. When towing a skier, both dogs run parallel to each other.
To stop the skier pulls the reason and gives the command "stand". As soon as the dogs stop, encourages them to dainty.
In the future, the skill of towing is improved: in the movement they make turns and stops, increase distances and change the terrain, move from the road to the crust and loose snow.
It is necessary to take into account that when moving along a thin wall, dogs can fall and injure limbs. In these cases, the paws of dogs wear special stockings.
Having fixed the skills of dogs to perform stop and turn commands, they begin to increase the speed of movement.
Training is considered complete after the skill has been reliably fixed.